György Kepes, Untitled, 1940
silver gelatin print, 4 x 3 inches
Collection of deCordova Sculpture Park and Museum, Gift of Arlette and Gus Kayafas
Yamini Nayar, By a Thread, 2009
C-print, 30 x 40 inches
Courtesy the artist and Thomas Erben Gallery, New York
Daniel Phillips, Ice Cave, 2012
video projection onto ice
Courtesy of the artist and Dodge Gallery, New York, NY
Aaron Siskind, Chicago 16, 1957
silver gelatin print, 10 5/8 x 13 1/2 inches
Collection of deCordova Sculpture Park and Museum, Gift of Pete and Constance Kayafas
Jennifer West, Electric Kool-Aid Fountain Swimming Film (35MM movie negative submerged in LA's Mulholland Fountain, dripped with Kool-aid and liquid LSD - featuring nighttime fountain swimming by Mateo Tannatt, Lia Trinka-Browner, Lesley Moon, Mariah Csepanyi and Jwest), 2008
35mm film transferred to digital video, 4 minutes, 31 seconds
Courtesy of MARC FOXX, Los Angeles, CA
Aspen Mays, December from the series The Sun 1957, 2010
silver gelatin prints, 15.5 x 11.5 inches each
Courtesy of the artist and Golden Gallery, Inc., New York, NY
Bryan Graf, Dandelion II, 2010
C-Print, 16x20 inches
Courtesy of the artist and Yancey Richardson Gallery
Mel Bochner, Photography Before the Age of Mechanical Reproduction, 2011
Suite of 6 photographs, hand-printed using the following nineteenth century processes: albumen, platinotype, collodion–chloride, gelatin, salt, and cyanotype
Each sheet: 20 x 24 inches / 50.8 x 61 cm
Courtesy of the artist and Peter Freeman Gallery, New York, NY
"It is another nature which speaks to the camera rather than to the eye”
-Walter Benjamin, Little History of Photography (1931)
Abstract photography challenges our popular view of photography as an objective image of reality by reasserting its constructed nature. In Walter Benjamin’s essay on the history of photography, the philosopher and critical theorist articulates photography’s ‘second nature’ as its inherent ability to detach and abstract the visible from the real. Non-representational photography lives in this contested middle ground between material reality and photographic illusion—fact and fiction—first and second natures. Today, anyone who has a cell phone can take and send digital pictures instantaneously. In response to this snapshot culture, many artists are returning to the study of photography’s underlying properties to consciously construct an image of reality. Second nature looks at the contemporary embrace of the highly fabricated image as a return to an earlier time in photography’s history. As such, this exhibition takes up the subject of abstract photography through a temporal pairing—presenting the scientific and expressionistic experimentation of photography in the first half of the 20th century from the Museum’s collection with current explorations of the medium.
Freed from its duty to represent, abstract photography continues to be a catchall genre for the blending of mediums and disciplines. It is an arena to test photography. By intermixing works from deCordova’s collection by György Kepes, Harold Edgerton, and Aaron Siskind from the 1930s-1950s, with works by photographers practicing today including Eileen Quinlan, Arthur Ou, and Yamini Nayar, second nature focuses on the continual probing and questioning of the medium and conventions of picture-making that complicate our understanding of photography. The artists in second nature grow the ever expanding field of photography by revisiting themes of hyperrealism, constructivism, and the materiality of time through light as well as processes of analog photography.
This exhibition is not intended to be a survey of abstract photography, but rather a focused study of art being made now that revisits and continues some of the themes and creative explorations of 20th century photography. By presenting the works side-by-side, second nature overlays a contemporary lens through which to reinterpret and recontextualize the museum’s holdings of abstract photography, and also highlights the expanded field today.
Artists include: David Akiba, Lucas Blalock, Mel Bochner, Stan Brakhage, Cree Bruins, Caleb Charland, Talia Chetrit, Harold Edgerton, Matthew Gamber, Meggan Gould, Bryan Graf, Sharon Harper, Greg J. Hayes, Julia Hechtman, Corin Hewitt, Barbara Kasten, György Kepes, Alejandra Laviada, Isaac Layman, Daniel Lefcourt, Aspen Mays, Elizabeth McAlpine, Yamini Nayar, Arthur Ou, Anthony Pearson, Daniel Phillips, Luther Price, Eileen Quinlan, Mariah Robertson, Hugh Scott-Douglas, Aaron Siskind, Luke Stettner, Sara VanDerBeek, and Jennifer West.
Second nature is organized by Lexi Lee Sullivan, Assistant Curator.
Second nature is made possible in part by generous support from Beth and Richard Marcus. Special thanks to Arlette and Gus Kayafas.
All programs are Free with Museum admission.
Family Day: Play
Saturday, June 9, drop-in anytime 11 am–3 pm
Visit deCordova as a family to explore how contemporary artists incorporate play into their artwork and processes. Find and experiment with new materials, create a
collaborative structure with new friends, discover new sculpture in the Park, and explore the summer exhibitions.
Artistic Process: Yamini Nayar
Saturday, June 16, 2 pm
Yamini Nayar constructs temporal imagined spaces made from found and low-tech materials to form sculptural installations that only survive through photographic documentation. She questions constructs of the moment and the art of photography as a discipline. Visit deCordova, meet Nayar, and take the opportunity to get the inside perspective on the artists’ work, process, and creative inspiration.
Lecture and Demonstration: Artistic Process of Bryan Graf
Saturday, July 21, 2 pm
Bryan Graf plays with the materiality of light in his three photographic series in the exhibition, second nature. Graf puts a spin on traditional photographic methods by taking the processes outside, exposing film to light, and taking images of photograms. Graf will discuss his work on view, as well as demonstrate the darkroom process of making a photogram, an opportunity not to be missed.
A Little History of Photography: Lecture with Francine Weiss Curator at Boston's Photographic Resource Center
Saturday, November 17, 2 pm
Francine Weiss, curator at Boston Photographic Resource Center, and exhibition curator Lexi Lee Sullivan present the historical context and contemporary ideas behind the exhibition, second nature: abstract photography then and now.